News4u - A unit of Worldcast Media Network

Machu Picchu, the city that was never lost

News4u-Travel Desk- Although US explorer Hiram Bingham achieved worldwide fame for having “discovered” the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, all historical evidence points to the fact that the famous archaeological site had never been lost. 

Bingham mounted three expeditions - in 1911, 1912 and 1915 - to Machu Picchu, which he dubbed “the lost city of the Incas”, but amid his adventures he sidestepped historical information that was found and even failed to mention it to important experts in the area, among them one of his compatriots.

This person was Albert Giesecke, a 29-year-old US academic who was the dean of the Universidad San Antonio Abad in Cuzco and gave him the references and even the name of Melchor Arteaga, the peasant who later guided Bingham to the famous ruins July 24, 1911.

But before Bingham, who is thought to be the inspiration for “ Indiana Jones”, other people visited the site, although always in search of treasure, mineral deposits or river routes to the Amazon.

The most famous of all of them was Cuzco landowner Agustin Lizarraga, who arrived at the ruins nine years before Bingham and even wrote on the wall of the Three Windows in Spanish “A. Lizarraga, July 14, 1902″.

Lizarraga carried out the first efforts to clean up the ruins along with Justo A. Ochoa, Gabino Sanchez and Enrique Palma, but he drowned in the Vilcanota River in February 1912.

Even before Lizarraga, however, there existed 19th century maps on which Machu Picchu was marked and, going back even further, the first indications of the site date back to 1565, when in the writings of Spaniard Diego Rodriguez de Figueroa it appears bearing the name “Pijchu”.

Much of this information was presented in 2003 by Peruvian historian Mariana Mould de Pease in her book “Machu Picchu and the Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Society”.

She provided maps that prove that the Inca citadel had been known and - apparently - looted in the 19th century by German adventurer August Berns.

In addition, the historian revealed that Bingham had among his papers the resolution authorising the presence of Berns at the historic site, and she also said that British historian Clements Markham, who became president of the Royal Geographical Society in London, also had maps showing the location of Machu Picchu.

Peruvian historian Carlos Carcelen says, meanwhile, that Berns settled in the Cuzco region and founded a lumber and mining company in the late 1880s and then set about looting the artifacts he uncovered at Machu Picchu with the knowledge of the government.

Mould also noted the existence of other maps dated in 1870 and 1874 and said that they constitute “irrefutable proof that Machu Picchu was completely integrated into republicanPeru”.

With the passage of a century, and with the full acknowledgment of the archaeological world, the consensus exists that Bingham was not the discoverer of the site, although he was certainly the first person to take note of the historical and cultural significance of the citadel, now held to be one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.IANS

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

Military man dominates Peru presidential vote

News4u-News Desk- An anti-establishment military man who promises to redistribute Peru’s mineral was well ahead in presidential elections, exit polls showed, but a runoff was all but certain with the crucial race for second undecided.

The second-place finisher could easily become president in a June 5 runoff as none of former army Lt Col Ollanta Humala’s leading rivals have shown themselves similarly bent on shaking up the free market-oriented status quo.

Humala won the first round in 2006 only to be defeated 53 per cent to 47 per cent by Alan Garcia in a runoff.

Three exit polls yesterday showed a technical tie for second place between Keiko Fujimori, 35-year-old daughter of the imprisoned former President Alberto Fujimori - whom Peruvians alternately adore and vilify - and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, a 72-year-old former World Bank economist and investment banker.

The exit polls’ reliability was shaking, however, because they did not consult the 750,000 Peruvian voters abroad.

In third was Alejandro Toledo, Peru’s president from 2001-2006. Pre-election polls showed he would defeat Humala in a second round while Kuczynski and Fujimori would have a harder time. In order win outright, a candidate needed a simple majority.

Humala has spooked foreign investors by promising a greater state role in the economy and to divert natural gas exports to the domestic market.

That’s just fine with Federico Sandoval, a 60-year-old veterinarian in Lima’s sprawling lower class Villa El Salvador district. Sandoval said he voted for Humala because the corruption that has long been a hallmark of Peruvian politics - and that many believe worsened under President Garcia - needs to stop.

“In order to improve the situation there need to be changes and they should be radical,” Sandoval said.

Politics in this resource-rich Andean nation have been volatile since the 1980s, when its discredited political parties all but dissolved, and yesterday’s vote was the most unpredictable in decades.

Peru flag

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

 

Peru’s Garcia appoints Antonio as new prime minister

News4u-News Desk-Lima, (AFP) President Alan Garcia has appointed his Education Minister Antonio Chang as his government’s new prime minister after Jose Velazquez quit the post to run in general elections next year.

Chang, 52, and a new cabinet were sworn in later yesterday after several ministers resigned to take part in the April 2011 polls.

Peru’s constitution mandates public officials step down months prior to an election to be eligible..

Education Minister Antonio Chang

Education Minister Antonio Chang

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

22 killed in Peru bus accident

News4u-News Desk-A bus overturned on a road in northern Peru and rolled into a 200-meter deep ravine early on Tuesday, killing at least 22 people and leaving 27 others injured, an official said.

The bus was carrying more than 50 passengers from the district of Sayapullo to the northern city of Trujillo when the accident occurred.
“The accident was very serious because the bus turned over and fell into a ravine that was approximately 200 meters deep,” Raquel Hernandez, a local health official said.
“The accident left 22 dead and 27 injured,” she said.

PERU Bus Accident

PERU Bus Accident

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

5.9-magnitude earthquake hits Peru

News4u-News Desk-Seismologists say a 5.9-magnitude earthquake has shaken southern Peru however there wereno immediate reports of injuries or damage.

The US Geological Survey says the temblor struck at 5:46 pm local time Monday.

Its epicentre was near the city of Ayacucho, and about 360 kilometres from the capital of Lima.
The USGS measured the depth of the quake at 110 kilometres.

RPP radio says shaking was felt in the regions of Ayacucho, Apurimac, Ica and southern Lima.

Earthquake

Earthquake

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

Two killed, two missing in attack on Peru mine site

News4u-News Desk-Lima,  (AFP) A group of armed assailants attacked a British-owned copper mine in northern Peru, killing two people and leaving two others missing, the director of the mine said.
“The attack was carried out by a group of 15 to 20 armed people, who have not been identified, who opened fire on the campsite,” Jian Wu said yesterday, local director for Rio Blanco, a subsidiary of British company Monterrico Metals.
Two security agents were killed and two others were missing, he told Canal N television station.
Seven people were initially reported missing in the panic that followed the attack on the encampment, where about 20 people were working on environmental measures and infrastructure, but five of them were later found safe.

News4u-News Desk-Lima,  (AFP) A group of armed assailants attacked a British-owned copper mine in northern Peru, killing two people and leaving two others missing, the director of the mine said.

“The attack was carried out by a group of 15 to 20 armed people, who have not been identified, who opened fire on the campsite,” Jian Wu said yesterday, local director for Rio Blanco, a subsidiary of British company Monterrico Metals.

Two security agents were killed and two others were missing, he told Canal N television station.

Seven people were initially reported missing in the panic that followed the attack on the encampment, where about 20 people were working on environmental measures and infrastructure, but five of them were later found safe.


Peru: Rio Blanco Copper mining camp attacked, two guards killed

Peru: Rio Blanco Copper mining camp attacked, two guards killed

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

Five dead in Peru ‘Shining Path’ attack

News4u-News Desk-Three policemen and two civilians have been killed in an overnight raid on a special forces base in southern Peru, which the government has blamed on once-powerful Maoist guerrillas.

Police said on Sunday that around 50 guerrillas attacked the base in San Jose de Secce between midnight and dawn, using explosives and firearms.

The bodies of five victims, including two women, were transferred by military helicopter to the nearby Andean city of Ayacucho, 300 kilometres south east of the capital Lima.

The Ayacucho area was among the hardest hit during the Shining Path’s insurgency in the 1980s and is now a hub for Peru’s illicit trade in drugs.

In April, President Alan Garcia vowed Tuesday to “crush” the remnants of the rebel group after ambushes killed 14 soldiers in the remote southeast jungles of the country, the worst rebel attacks in 10 years.

Peruvian officials have blamed the recent attacks on remnants of the Maoist group also known by its Spanish name, Sendero Luminoso who have allied with drug traffickers in the region.

Peru is one of the world’s principal coca leaf producers, the main ingredient for making cocaine.

Shining Path

Shining Path

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]

Peru names new Prime Minister

News4u-News Desk-President Alan Garcia was preparing to name Javier Velasquez, a party loyalist and current head of the legislature, as Peru’s new Prime Minister.

Velasquez will take over an office shaken by social conflicts and a bloody crisis in June over indigenous Indian land rights.

Velasquez is set to be sworn at 0630 IST replacing the embattled Yehude Simon, the office of the president said in a statement.

“With Velasquez a new era begins,” Interior Minister Mercedes Cabanillas told a radio network. “He has political experience and is experienced in negotiations, as he has shown in Congress.”

Velasquez, 49, has served in various roles as a member of Garcia’s ruling APRA party, but has never been a cabinet minister.

A lawyer who has been a loyal party member and served as head of Peru’s legislature for the 2008-2009 session, Velasquez will be Garcia’s third prime minister in three year.

His selection marks a change of heart for Garcia, who picked the left-winger Simon in 2008 with the goal of putting a “social face” on the president’s free-market policies.

The move suggests that Garcia wants tighter political control of the government through the end of his presidency in 2011.

Peru names Prime Minister Javier Velasquez

Peru New Prime Minister Javier Velasquez

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

[email_link]