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An apple a day keeps cholesterol away

News4u-Entertainment Desk- An apple a day can really keep the doctor away - by reducing bad cholesterol levels in women, according to a new study. 

“Apples are truly a miracle fruit that convey benefits beyond fiber content,” said Bahram H. Arjmandi, Margaret A. Sitton Professor and Chair, Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences at The Florida State University, who led the study.

Animal studies have shown that apple pectin and polyphenols in apple improve lipid metabolism and lower the production of pro-inflammatory molecules.

Arjmandi’s research is the first to evaluate the long-term cardio-protective effects of daily consumption of apple in postmenopausal women.

The study randomly assigned 160 women ages 45-65 to one of two dietary intervention groups: one received dried apples daily (75g/day for 1 year) and the other group ate dried prunes every day for a year.

Blood samples were taken at 3, 6 and 12-months.

The results surprised Arjmandi, who stated that incredible changes in the apple-eating women happened by 6 months - they experienced a 23 per cent decrease in LDL cholesterol.

The daily apple consumption also led to a lowering of lipid hydroperoxide levels and C-reactive protein in those women.

“I never expected apple consumption to reduce bad cholesterol to this extent while increasing HDL cholesterol or good cholesterol by about 4 per cent,” said Arjmandi.

Yet another advantage is that the extra 240 calories per day consumed from the dried apple did not lead to weight gain in the women; in fact, they lost on average 3.3 lbs.

“Reducing body weight is an added benefit to daily apple intake” he said.

Part of the reason for the weight loss could be the fruit’s pectin, which is known to have a satiety effect.

The results were presented at Experimental Biology 2011 in Washington, DC.ANI

An Apple

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Obesity is partly down to your genes

News4u-News Desk-If you are obese, your weight may not be the result of gluttony or lack of exercise, but actually the genes you inherited from your parents, researchers say.

A whole set of new genes associated with body fat distribution and obesity have been identified in two major studies by an international team of researchers, including the largest study yet of DNA variation across our genomes involving almost one fourth million people.

The group has identified 13 new gene regions where variations in DNA sequence can be linked to whether we are apple-shaped or pear-shaped.

The majority of these variations have a markedly stronger effect in women than in men.

The scientists, led by researchers at Oxford University and the Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge, have also found 18 new genetic variations associated with increased susceptibility to obesity.

The results, published in Nature Genetics, give greater insight into the biological processes that can lead to obesity and that are involved in determining body fat distribution.

The work immediately opens up new avenues of research into the biological basis of obesity, but it is possible that such understanding could in time guide the development of new ways of preventing or treating obesity.

More fat around our waists (being apple-shaped) is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease, even after correction for obesity.

In comparison, storing fat in thighs and bums (being pear-shaped) has been suggested in some research to offer some protection against diabetes and high blood pressure.

Our waist-to-hip ratio is a good measure of this difference in body fat distribution, and is known like predisposition to obesity to be determined to some extent by the genes we inherit.

There are also clear differences in body shape between men and women, but the body processes that determine these differences are not well understood.

The researchers completed a large genome-wide search for DNA variations that could be connected to waist-to-hip ratios.

They identified 13 new gene regions linked to body fat distribution, and confirmed the one previously known genetic link.

They show that these genetic variations affect waist-to-hip ratio distinct from any effect on overall obesity.

Seven of the identified genetic variations have much stronger effects in women than in men, suggesting they may underlie some of the difference in fat distribution between the sexes.

Although the gene regions identified explain only around one percent of the variation in waist-to-hip ratios in the population, they do point towards specific biological mechanisms that are involved in regulating where the body stores fat.

The regions implicate genes involved in regulating cholesterol, triglyceride levels, insulin and insulin resistance.

“By finding genes that have an important role in influencing whether we are apple shaped or pear shaped, and the ways in which that differs between men and women, we hope to home in on the crucial underlying biological processes,” says Dr Cecilia Lindgren of the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics at Oxford University, senior researcher on the waist-to-hip ratio study and who was involved in both papers.

Understanding biology through finding genes, she says, is just a first step in a long journey towards treatment, but a vital one.

The second study looked for genes connected to body mass index (BMI).

The discovery of 18 new genetic regions has more than doubled the DNA variations reliably linked to BMI to 32.

Some of the new findings indicate the involvement of genes active in the brain that influence our appetite and also genes involved in the control of insulin levels and metabolism.

The study also showed that people who inherit many of the BMI-increasing DNA variants from their parents weigh 79 kg more than those who inherit few of these variants; this difference in weight is solely due to the fact that they differ genetically.

Despite the large difference between the most susceptible and least susceptible, together the 32 confirmed genetic associations still only explain 1.45 per cent of the variation seen in people’s BMIs, suggesting there are many more genetic associations still to be found.

Dr Ruth Loos of the MRC Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge, said, “These two studies are the beginning of new insights into to biology of obesity and body shape, which in turn may lead to more targeted approaches to obesity prevention and potentially to the development of new drugs.

But we should not forget that, while the genetic contribution to obesity is substantial, a large part of obesity susceptibility remains down to our lifestyle”.

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UN-civil society forum issues call to action to improve health of millions worldwide

News4u-News Desk-UN– Civil society representatives from more than 70 countries wrapped up a United Nations forum today with an urgent call to action to improve the health of millions of men, women and children worldwide and step up efforts to achieve the globally agreed anti-poverty targets known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

In a wide-ranging declaration adopted at the end of the three-day meeting in Melbourne, Australia, participants stressed that achieving the MDGs, which world leaders have pledged to do by 2015, “is a moral imperative.”

Improving global health, especially in connection with the MDGs, was the theme of the 63rd annual UN Department of Public Information (DPI)/Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Conference, which drew some 1,600 participants representing at least 350 groups.

The wide-ranging declaration also stated that the Goals, all of which affect the health of populations, despite some progress, “are significantly off-track for the poorest and least politically powerful people.”

Significant remaining challenges included: 1 billion people without access to food; 2.6 billion who lack access to improved sanitation; eight out of 10 without access to safe drinking water who live in rural areas; nearly 9 million children who die before the age of five; and at least 340,000 women who die each year of pregnancy-related causes.

Kiyo Akasaka, Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information, said that while frustration had been expressed at the conference over the lack of enough improvement in some regions towards attaining the MDGs, the most urgent task was to help quicken the pace of progress.

“This is not the time to question the validity of the MDGs themselves, but rather a time to roll up our sleeves and do what is necessary to attain them, and beyond that, to look at the question of ensuring that they are sustainable after 2015,” he stated at the closing ceremony.

The NGOs appealed in the declaration for all governments, agencies, corporations and individuals to deliver on their human rights obligations to more than a billion people living in poverty, by committing the finances and political will necessary to achieve the Goals.

Towards improving global health, the text compelled all governments and health actors to respect the rights of communities while also maximizing the effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of their work by leveraging community knowledge and support. It also highlighted the central role that individuals, families and communities must play in fostering global health.

Mr. Akasaka said he hoped participants, as the “torch-bearers of this conference,” will take what they have learned back to their organizations and communities, and help raise awareness about what is at stake.

“Your advocacy plays a major role in holding governments accountable for honouring their pledges and commitments and upholding their responsibilities to protect and save their children and people… You are all good friends to the United Nations. You are our greatest allies and partners.”

He added that the declaration should be channelled to governments and into the inter-governmental process to impact the MDG Summit, to be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 20 to 22 September.

Next year’s DPI-NGO conference, on the theme “Sustainable Societies, Responsive Citizens,” is slated to be held in Bonn, Germany.

Representatives from over 70 countries attended the 63rd annual DPI-NGO Conference in Melbourne Australia

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Govt initiates National Health Prog in 100 districts

News4u - News Desk : With increase in incidence of diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular, the government has initiated a pilot programme focussing on health promotion in 100 districts across 20 states, with an estimated outlay of Rs 1,230.90 crore during the Eleventh Five Year Plan.

Replying to a supplementary in the Lok Sabha during Question Hour, Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said samples of people in these districts would be collected for testing various diseases like diabetes and others.

The pilot programme would start with 100 districts and these would be covered within one year, the Minister said adding that during the next five years the government is planning to cover all India.

Since no data is maintained about number of diabetes cases, he said such programme would also help in maintaining number of people suffering from such diseases.

He, however, clarified that government is not against usage of Ayurvedic, Yoga or Naturopathy treatments for controlling the diseases but it all depends upon constitution of a patient and degree and chronocity of the disease.

“Under the Indian Systems of Medicines, diabetes can be managed effectively through diet, medicines, yoga and exercise… Various combinations of ASU (Ayurvedic, Unani and Sidha) medicines and treatment regimen are provided by the ASU physicians and hospitals throughout the country,” he said.

The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke has been approved and is focussing on health promotion, capacity building, including human resources, early diagnosis and management and integration with primary health care system.

He said that the programme would not be limited to test the sample for diagnosing the disease but also suggest ways and help people to get the treatment.

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Health Tourism

News4u-Bureau- News4u feels immense pleasure in sharing with our viewers that we are the First among the news providers in India to promote Health Tourism. In which the end user will have the entire data about the specialized Doctors, health Institutes in India at their finger tips. In this regard we have the privilege of getting support from all around from Govt corridors to Pvt Institutions.

The term is rightly defined as patients going to a different country for either urgent or electrical medical procedure. The truth is that this procedure is becoming a worldwide multi-billion industry growing by leaps and bounds.

For patients opting to go for treatment to another country, the reasons may vary. Sometimes their own country cannot provide the type of treatment needed by the patient. At other times the costs are so much at home, that another country with lesser cost and better amenities for the same treatment draws the patients out to opt for the cheaper option. In developed countries the problem is a little different. The patients then sometimes do not get a date from the physician for a very long time. Sometimes the wait is so long that the patients prefer to travel to another country and get the treatment at the earliest. At this juncture Health Tourism takes over. We often hear and watch patients from Pakistan or Bangladesh coming to India for operations. So poorer countries are also taking advantage of Health Tourism.

India is today considered the leading country promoting Health Tourism. National health policy declares that treatment of foreign patients is legally an export, deemed eligible for all fiscal incentives extended to export earnings.

News4u has taken the initiative to bring the suffering and the doctors together through the programme- HEALTH TOURISM. In this you will get all the details about different doctors, Institutes, Medical and Diagnostic Centre’s etc. across India.

Indian Corporate Hospitals excel in Cardiology, Cardiographic Surgery, Joint replacement, Orthopedic Surgery, Gastro-antrology, Ophthalmology, Transplants and Urology to name a few. The various specialties covered are Neurology, Neuro-surgery, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Rheumatology, and General medicines and General surgery.

India can provide the best hospitals and treatment along Tourism destinations. So it combines Medical Treatment with Tourism and thus the term Health Tourism gets its name.

Health Tourism

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Health Tourism

News4u-Bureau- News4u feels immense pleasure in sharing with our viewers that we are the First among the news providers in India to promote Health Tourism. In which the end user will have the entire data about the specialized Doctors, health Institutes in India at their finger tips. In this regard we have the privilege of getting support from all around from Govt corridors to Pvt Institutions.

The term is rightly defined as patients going to a different country for either urgent or electrical medical procedure. The truth is that this procedure is becoming a worldwide multi-billion industry growing by leaps and bounds.

For patients opting to go for treatment to another country, the reasons may vary. Sometimes their own country cannot provide the type of treatment needed by the patient. At other times the costs are so much at home, that another country with lesser cost and better amenities for the same treatment draws the patients out to opt for the cheaper option.  In developed countries the problem is a little different. The patients then sometimes do not get a date from the physician for a very long time. Sometimes the wait is so long that the patients prefer to travel to another country and get the treatment at the earliest. At this juncture Health Tourism takes over. We often hear and watch patients from Pakistan or Bangladesh coming to India for operations.  So poorer countries are also taking advantage of Health Tourism.

India is today considered the leading country promoting Health Tourism. National health policy declares that treatment of foreign patients is legally an export, deemed eligible for all fiscal incentives extended to export earnings.

News4u has taken the initiative to bring the suffering and the doctors together through the programme- HEALTH TOURISM.  In this you will get all the details about different doctors, Institutes, Medical and Diagnostic Centre’s etc. across India.

Indian Corporate Hospitals excel in Cardiology, Cardiographic Surgery, Joint replacement, Orthopedic Surgery, Gastro-antrology, Ophthalmology, Transplants and Urology to name a few. The various specialties covered are Neurology, Neuro-surgery, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Rheumatology, and General medicines and General surgery.

India can provide the best hospitals and treatment along Tourism destinations. So it combines Medical Treatment with Tourism and thus the term Health Tourism gets its name.

Health Tourism

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Health risks of mobile phone use unclear

News4u-News Desk-New Delhi, Do mobile phones pose any health hazard? There have been a number of scientific studies over the past two decades with conflicting results, but a majority of them claim there is hardly any evidence to suggest that the gadget is unsafe.

These studies were reviewed by scientific committees to assess overall risks but, till date no adverse health effects have been established for mobile phone use.

Most recently, a major international study into the link between cell phone use and two types of brain cancer has proved inconclusive.

The 10-year-long study by Interphone, coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), found that mobile phone use did not increase the risk of developing meningioma — a common and frequently benign tumour or glioma a rarer but deadlier form of cancer.

Mobile use' can raise brain cancer risk'

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Orissa to introduce school health programme from July

News4u-News Desk-The Orissa government on Friday said it would introduce health programme in 60,000 schools in the most backward KBK (Kalahandi-Balangir-Koraput) region from July.

“About 58 lakh students will benefit from the programme.. We have also set up a target to set up at least 1,069 health sub-centres in KBK region by 2012,” Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik told reporters in Bhubaneswar after a State Health Mission meeting chaired by him.

As per the programme, school children would undergo regular health check-ups and be provided with medicines free of cost required for their diseases.

The KBK region, which had often hit headlines for poor health service, would get more health centres.

The health workers, including doctors and para-medical staff, working in the interior pockets would get special facilities, he said.

Keeping in view the alarming infant mortality rates, 200 more newborn care centres and at least five trauma centres would be set up in the region, health minister Prasanna Acharya said.

Orissa Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik

Orissa Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik

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Azad favours Govt-led health care in India

News4u-News Desk-Strongly pitching for Govt investment in health, Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad on Tuesday said it is neither feasible nor advisable to have a private sector-led health care system in India as majority of the population cannot afford it.

Observing that private sector health care can have adevastating impact on family incomes, he said, “It is pertinent to remember that more than three crore people getimpoverished every year on account of such medicalexpenditures”.

“The need for increasing public sector investment is because of the inability of the majority of Indian population to afford private sector provisioning of health care,” Azad said at a conference on infrastructure building in New Delhi.

He said in India, it is neither advisable nor feasible to have a private sector-led health system like in the USA.

“There is need to have both to cater to the different incomesegments of our society”.

“With almost one-third of the population still below the poverty-line, high levels of illiteracy and malnutrition, the role of the public sector is not only relevant but essential for providing medical treatment to the poor,” the Minister said.

However, recognising the efficiency of the private sector, he said ancillary services like the laundry, security, diet, sanitation, waste disposal can be provided by private sector in public hospitals.

“Accordingly, we are working on a number of models under which diagnostics such as laboratory services, X-ray, CT and MRI and other high end equipments/services can beoutsourced,” he said.

Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad

Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad

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Health Tourism

News4u-Bureau- News4u feels immense pleasure in sharing with our viewers that we are the First among the news providers in India to promote Health Tourism. In which the end user will have the entire data about the specialized Doctors, health Institutes in India at their finger tips. In this regard we have the privilege of getting support from all around from Govt corridors to Pvt Institutions.

The term is rightly defined as patients going to a different country for either urgent or electrical medical procedure. The truth is that this procedure is becoming a worldwide multi-billion industry growing by leaps and bounds.

For patients opting to go for treatment to another country, the reasons may vary. Sometimes their own country cannot provide the type of treatment needed by the patient. At other times the costs are so much at home, that another country with lesser cost and better amenities for the same treatment draws the patients out to opt for the cheaper option. In developed countries the problem is a little different. The patients then sometimes do not get a date from the physician for a very long time. Sometimes the wait is so long that the patients prefer to travel to another country and get the treatment at the earliest. At this juncture Health Tourism takes over. We often hear and watch patients from Pakistan or Bangladesh coming to India for operations. So poorer countries are also taking advantage of Health Tourism.

India is today considered the leading country promoting Health Tourism. National health policy declares that treatment of foreign patients is legally an export, deemed eligible for all fiscal incentives extended to export earnings.

News4u has taken the initiative to bring the suffering and the doctors together through the programme- HEALTH TOURISM. In this you will get all the details about different doctors, Institutes, Medical and Diagnostic Centre’s etc. across India.

Indian Corporate Hospitals excel in Cardiology, Cardiographic Surgery, Joint replacement, Orthopedic Surgery, Gastro-antrology, Ophthalmology, Transplants and Urology to name a few. The various specialties covered are Neurology, Neuro-surgery, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Rheumatology, and General medicines and General surgery.

India can provide the best hospitals and treatment along Tourism destinations. So it combines Medical Treatment with Tourism and thus the term Health Tourism gets its name.

Health Tourism

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