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Climate models indicate El Nino return

News4u-News Desk-SYDNEY: Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology said on Tuesday all seven of the climate models it monitors indicate conditions are likely to approach or exceed the El Nino threshold in the second half of 2012.

The El Nino weather pattern is linked to extreme weather around the world including heavy rain and droughts that can hit production of crops and other commodities.

The Australian bureau tracks seven climate models from compatriot meteorology centers around the world, of which five indicate above El Nino conditions, while the remaining two sit on the neutral - neither El Nino or La Nina - and warm border.

While the seven models hint at a return to El Nino, the World Meteorological Organization last week said it still maintains its neutral outlook for the second half of 2012.

The last El Nino was recorded in 2009/10, though was classified weak to moderate.Reuters

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Himalayan forests at greater risk from climate change: Govt

News4u-News Desk-NEW DELHI: Climate change will be an additional stress on Indian forests, especially in upper Himalayan stretches, which are already subjected to multiple challenges including over-extraction, livestock grazing and human impact, a government report said here on Wednesday.

India’s second National Communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, released by environment ministerJayanthi Natarajan said that the assessment of climate impacts showed that at the nationallevel, 45 per cent of forested grids are likely to undergo changes. In the report, a digital forest map of the country was used to determine spatial location of all the forested areas.

This map was based on a high-resolution mapping, wherein the entire area of India was divided into over 165,000 grids. Out of these, 35,899 grids were marked as forested grids - along with the forest density and forest types. Vulnerability assessment showed that sensitive forested grids arespread across India. “However, their concentration is higher in the upper Himalayan stretches, parts of Central India, northern Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats,” said the MoEF report towards fulfillment of reporting obligation under the convention.PTI

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Slashing meat intake vital for curbing emissions

News4u - News Desk :  WASHINGTON: Per capita meat consumptionneed to be halved by 2050 in the developed world if the emission of nitrous oxide (N2O), one of the most important greenhouse gases, is to be curbed, as set out by the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 


This is the finding from a new study, which also claims that N2O emissions from the industrial and agricultural sectors will also need to be cut by 50 percent if targets are to be met.

The findings have been made by Eric A. Davidson of The Woods Hole Research Center, Massachusetts, and demonstrate the magnitude of changes needed to stabilize atmospheric N2O concentrations as well as improve the diets of the growing human population, the journal Environmental Research Letters reported.

N2O is the third highest contributor to climate change behind carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4); however, it poses a greater challenge to mitigate as nitrogen is an essential element for food production, according to a university statement.

It is also the most potent of these three greenhouse gases as it is a much better absorber of infrared radiation; however, the total man-made emissions are about six million tonnes of nitrogen as N2O compared to 10 billion tonnes of carbon as CO2.

The main sources of N2O are from the spreading of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers onto agricultural soils and storage and use of livestock manure. The nitrogen contained in fertilizers and manure is broken down by microbes that live in the soil and released into theatmosphere as N2O.

Davidson believes that N2O emissions can be reduced through better management of fertilizer and manure sources, as well as reducing the developed world’s per capita meat consumption to relieve pressure on fertilizer demand and reduce growth in the amount of manure being produced.IANS

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Proposal for new climate deal gains momentum as Durban Conf ends

News4u-News Desk-

Delegates attending a 194-nation climate conference agree the world needs to send less carbon into the atmosphere, but national interests and economic worries have so far hindered attempts to reach an agreement that would oblige governments to curb the emissions that are warming the planet.

 

The talks, due to wrap up on Friday or early Saturday, are likely to finalise a massive fund to help poor countries cope with climate change.

But the slow pace of dealing with the core problem of rising temperatures is dispiriting delegates from small islands on the edge of survival, and from activists impatient with the familiar posturing of climate negotiations.  

“Waiting is going to be a disaster for us,” said Samuela Alivereti Saumatua, Fiji’s environment minister, who said the Pacific island this month relocated its first coastal village because of climate-related flooding and unseasonable cyclones.

 

“We have cyclones now at any time of the year. We have flash floods in the coastal areas. Water supply is being salinated. Food security is going to be a problem. We are desperately loo

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Raising USD 100 bn for climate fund in dispute

News4u – News Desk :

Even in hard times, fighting climate change is not a luxury but a necessity, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said, as climate negotiators bickered about how to raise hundreds of billions of dollars to adapt to a warming world.

 

Creating a body to govern a USD 100 billion a year fund is a central issue at the 194-nation UN climate conference nearing its end in South Africa, but it was unclear whether the final document will mention how the money will be mobilised for the Green Climate Fund.

Ban on Wednesday said, while many countries are tightening budgets, contributing money to fight climate change is “an imperative. We have to do it.”

A high level advisory group appointed by Ban reported last year that money should flow from governments, private investment and international sources such as a levy on global merchant shipping and aviation.

The fund is earmarked to help poor countries adapt to the severe effects of global warming and to help them reduce emissions in the future.

Government leaders approved a USD 10 billion a year fast-track fund from 2010 to 2012, which is supposed to scale up to USD 100 billion a year by 2020.

Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, who co-authored last year’s report, said the crisis roiling markets around the world underscored the need to vary the sources of funding.

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Whole world is a family

News4u Bureau –Amit-Cancun- My last visit to Kabul for the election coverage jolted me such an extent that I could not sleep for nights; one was the blast out side the shack where I was putting up and the other was a small kid keeping grenades in his pocket . I thought that there has to be some solution or any silver line but …..

When I was in Cancun last week I could see a silver line for all such people who are refugee/ children or war widows. Where solution seems to be in hand; only thing is to be implemented in such a fashion that the current system should not be disturbed at all. For which there is ample space. I know that too.

IOM Director General William Lacy Swing with a smile on his face & a twinkle in his well experienced eyes welcomed me with warmth along with Ms. Niruaka & Mr. Thomson for a small meeting, which gave me immense pleasure & some light for the future as well.

The IOM is there for finding solutions for Climate and Environment-Induced Migration. Although there are no reliable estimates on climate and Environment induced Migration and it is difficult to draw a line between forced & voluntary movements with exception of acute disasters, it is clear that this type of Human Movement will increase significantly in the foreseeable future as the effects of Climate Change bite more deeply, according to IOM’s recently published World Migration Report 2010. Less developed countries are already bearing the burnt of Climate & Environmental Migration and will experience more of it in the next decades, mostly within their own borders.

Most people think about Migration as a Survival Strategy, especially in the event of impending or acute natural disasters. These are usually instances where Migration is a strategy of Last Resort.

IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.

I am deeply impressed & touched by the Ideas & prepositions suggested by Sir William Lacy Swing and would like to contribute my bit towards the wellness of Human being.

News4u would be delighted to work along with IOM in future if given a chance and would definitely spread this message to all our viewers across the globe to see a smile on all faces. And the Silver line should be turned in to a very Bright light for all.

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Rs 350 cr scheme to address climate change, reduce agri losses

News4u-News Desk-Seeking to address the issue of climate change in the farm sector, government on Wednesday approved a Rs 350 crore scheme to study its impact on agriculture with a view to bring down production losses.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the scheme, to be implemented in the remaining part of the current Plan period, to address the impact of climate change on agriculture.

“The main objective of the scheme is to assess the impact of climate change on agriculture and allied sectors in the country and evolve cost-effective adaptation and mitigation strategies,” an official release said.

Under the scheme, the government plans to spend Rs 350 crore - Rs 200 crore in the current fiscal and the rest in the next fiscal- on research infrastructure, capacity building and on-farm demonstration of the climate resilient technologies.

The scheme would assess vulnerability of agro-climatic regions in detail and its impact on different crops, livestock and fishery sectors.

It will initiate research on adaptation and mitigation at seven major institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

It would also demonstrate available climate resilient practices on farmers’ fields in 100 most vulnerable districts of 27 states in the country.

“During the first year (2010-11), research infrastructure at key institutes of ICAR will be strengthened by installation of the state of the art equipment and measurement systems to study climate change impact on major food crops and livestock at an outlay of Rs 200 crore,” the release said.

During 2011-12, long-term strategic research programmes would be initiated on crop-improvement to heat and drought stress, management of natural resources for adaptation and mitigation, it said.

It would also focus on innovative livestock management practices to minimise heat stress on animals.

“The scheme would help in identification of at least 15-20 heat/drought tolerant promising cultivars of different crops by the end of the current plan period.

The outputs are expected to provide adequate resilience to small and marginal farmers and reduce production losses at least by 25-30 per cent,” it said.

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Ramesh ‘built bridges’ in Cancun climate talks

News4u - News Desk : Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh has been praised for his role as a bridge-builder on contentious issues at the UN climate conference inCancun  which ended with a deal to curb global warming, including a USD 100 billion fund to help developing countries.

The two-week long conference closed on Friday with Cancun Agreement, which marked some progress for finance, technology, adaptation and transparency, but isnt viewed as a decisive boost for combating climate change.

“The minister (Ramesh) has been instrumental in bridging gaps, Mohamed Aslam, the environment minister of Maldives, told a news agency.

“He has been reaching out to the AOSIS nations as well as to developed countries,” he said.

Aslam was referring to the Alliance of Small Island States, which are most vulnerable to climate change and want developed countries as well as emerging economies, especiallyChina and India, to take on hefty legally binding emission cuts.

The UN climate conference on early hours of Saturday reached a “compromise” to set up a USD 100 billion ‘Green Fund’ to fight global warming, a decision India described as an “important step forward”, but there was no agreement on extending the landmark Kyoto Protocol on emissions cuts beyond 2012.

“We are very happy with the text,” Ramesh earlier said, noting that the major emerging economies - Brazil, South Africa,India and China (BASIC) — had welcomed the decision.

“Cancun represents an important step forward,” he said.

Progress at the conference includes a broad agreement on technology-sharing mechanism that will ensure that poor and vulnerable countries are able to access green technologies easily and in a cost-effective manner.

A ‘Green Fund’ has been set up that is expected to mobilise USD 100 billion per year by 2020, which will be given to developing countries for adaptation and mitigation purposes.

The nitty-gritty of the technology and finance mechanism still needs to be worked out. Bolivia was the sole country to oppose the decision in Cancun, but was eventually overruled.

According to Ramesh, many of India’s contributions had been incorporated in the text, including the International Consultation and Analysis, which is a transparency mechanism to review whether developing countries are carrying out their domestic mitigation actions.

Welcoming Ramesh’s remarks, Edna Molewa, environment minister of South Africa, acknowledged that certain differences existed between BASIC countries but dismissed that deep cracks existed within BASIC.

“Every country has sovereign positions and differing opinions on some issues,” Molewa told a news agency.

“But there are many areas we agree on and we try and work together as much as possible.”

On the other hand, environmental activists said that Ramesh had jeopardized Indias interest.

“At Cancun the move is to replace the regime to voluntary targets for all. Indias shift in policy to support this regime will be disastrous for an effective and equitous agreement,” wrote Sunita Narain, from the Centre of Science and Environment in New Delhi.

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Cancún delivers balanced package

News4u-Bureau-Amit , Cancun -The UN Climate Change Conference in Cancún,Mexico, ended on Saturday with the adoption of a balanced package of
decisions that set all governments more firmly on the path towards a
low-emissions future and support enhanced action on climate change in the
developing world.

The package, dubbed the “Cancún Agreements” was welcomed to repeated loud
and prolonged applause and acclaim by Parties in the final plenary.

“Cancún has done its job. The beacon of hope has been reignited and faith
in the multilateral climate change process to deliver results has been
restored,” said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres. “Nations
have shown they can work together under a common roof, to reach consensus
on a common cause. They have shown that consensus in a transparent and
inclusive process can create opportunity for all,” she said.

“Governments have given a clear signal that they are headed towards a
low-emissions future together, they have agreed to be accountable to each
other for the actions they take to get there, and they have set it out in a
way which encourages countries to be more ambitious over time,” she said.

Nations launched a set of initiatives and institutions to protect the poor
and the vulnerable from climate change and to deploy the money and
technology that developing countries need to plan and build their own
sustainable futures. And they agreed to launch concrete action to preserve
forests in developing nations, which will increase going forward.

They also agreed that countries need to work to stay below a two degree
temperature rise and they set a clear timetable for review, to ensure that
global action is adequate to meet the emerging reality of climate change.

“This is not the end, but it is a new beginning. It is not what is
ultimately required but it is the essential foundation on which to build
greater, collective ambition,” said Ms. Figueres.

Elements of the Cancún Agreements include:

• Industrialised country targets are officially recognised under the
multilateral process and these countries are to develop low-carbon
development plans and strategies and assess how best to meet them,
including through market mechanisms, and to report their inventories
annually.

• Developing country actions to reduce emissions are officially
recognised under the multilateral process. A registry is to be set up to
record and match developing country mitigation actions to finance and
technology support from by industrialised countries. Developing countries
are to publish progress reports every two years.

• Parties meeting under the Kyoto Protocol agree to continue
negotiations with the aim of completing their work and ensuring there is no
gap between the first and second commitment periods of the treaty.

* The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanisms has been strengthened
to drive more major investments and technology into environmentally sound
and sustainable emission reduction projects in the developing world.

* Parties launched a set of initiatives and institutions to protect the
vulnerable from climate change and to deploy the money and technology that
developing countries need to plan and build their own sustainable futures.

* A total of $30 billion in fast start finance from industrialised
countries to support climate action in the developing world up to 2012 and
the intention to raise $100 billion in long-term funds by 2020 is included
in the decisions.

* In the field of climate finance, a process to design a Green Climate Fund
under the Conference of the Parties, with a board with equal representation
from developed and developing countries, is established.

* A new “Cancún Adaptation Framework” is established to allow better
planning and implementation of adaptation projects in developing countries
through increased financial and technical support, including a clear
process for continuing work on loss and damage.

* Governments agree to boost action to curb emissions from deforestation
and forest degradation in developing countries with technological and
financial support.

* Parties have established a technology mechanism with a Technology
Executive Committee and Climate Technology Centre and Network  to increase
technology cooperation to support action on adaptation and mitigation.

The next Conference of the Parties is scheduled to take place in South
Africa, from 28 November to 9 December 2011.

About the UNFCCC

With 194 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997
Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 191 of the UNFCCC
Parties. Under the Protocol, 37 States, consisting of highly industrialized
countries and countries undergoing the process of transition to a market
economy, have legally binding emission limitation and reduction
commitments. The ultimate objective of both treaties is to stabilize
greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will
prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.

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COP-16 ended with a happy note & a Greener future

News4u-Bureau – Amit-Cancun UNFCCC-Cop-16, On the penultimate day the scenes were quite clear about the new agreement and so UN climate conference on Saturday approved a deal to create a “green” fund for developing countries and to take other small steps to address global warming.

The new agreement creates “building blocks” for a new global pact and, unexpectedly, gives recognition to the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from industrial countries by 25 to 40 per cent from 1990 levels within the next 10 years. Current pledges amount to about 16 per cent..

Mexican Foreign Secretary Patricia Espinosa, the conference president, gaveled the two-part deal early on Saturday over the objections of Bolivia.

Decisions at the UN climate talks are typically made by consensus, but Espinosa said consensus doesn’t “mean that one country has the right to veto” decisions supported by everyone else.

The accord establishes a multibillion dollar annual Green Climate Fund to help developing countries cope with climate change, though it doesn’t say how the fund’s money is to be raised.

It also sets rules for internationally funded forest conservation, and provides for climate-friendly technology to expanding economies.

Espinosa won repeated standing ovations from a packed conference hall for her deft handling of bickering countries and for drafting an acceptable deal.

All the countries one by one praised the document.

But Bolivia’s chief delegate Pablo Solon refused to go along with the package, arguing it was dangerous because it was too weak to stop rising temperatures.

The draft Cancun deal finesses disputes between industrial and developing countries on future emissions cuts and incorporates voluntary reduction pledges attached to the Copenhagen Accord that emerged from last year’s climate summit in the Danish capital.

The draft strikes a skillful compromise between the US and China, which had been at loggerheads throughout the two week conclave on methods for monitoring and verifying actions to curtail greenhouse gases.

.

The European Union welcomes the positive results of the Cancún climate conference. The balanced and substantive package of decisions adopted today, known as the Cancún Agreement, represents an important further step on the road to building a comprehensive and legally binding framework for climate action for the period after 2012.

Connie Hedegaard, European Commissioner for Climate Action, said: “The EU came to Cancun to get a substantial package of action-oriented decisions and keep the international climate change negotiations on track. We have helped to deliver the successful outcome the world expected and needed. But the two weeks in Cancún have shown once again how slow and difficult the process is. Everyone needs to be aware that we still have a long and challenging journey ahead of us to reach the goal of a legally binding global climate framework”.

All though we support UN for the work they are in but all the time questions are there about Zero Emission plan. Zero emission Plan is not a question of “Yes or No’ , it is simply a question When ? And this should be answered by each country and the UNFCCC should should structure and facilitate that process.

How big is the Global Emission Budget to 2050 and how are we going to share it? The answer can not be delayed any longer.

If you think yourself the bottom line is WE NEED TO CHANGE OUR LIFE STYLES to contribute towards Climate Change, isn’t it?

( Reported from Cancun along with Sara Rubio)

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