Key to daughters’ wellbeing lies in interpersonal communication

News4u- Features Desk- A new study has found that interpersonal communication is the key to daughters’ well-being.

When faced with adversity, humans make meaning of their experiences through storytelling. Scholars also have found that women, in particular, express their emotions through ‘narrative sense-making’ and relate to and support each other by telling stories in everyday contexts. This is especially true when it comes to mothers and daughters.

The University of Missouri study has found that daughters ‘re-author’ stories about adversity over time, often increasing the positivity of those stories through narrative. Scientists believe these changes in storytelling can improve mother and daughter interpersonal relationships and well-being.

The goal of the research was to understand how communication can change the way daughters make sense of their experiences, said Haley Horstman, adding “When dealing with difficult situations from death to problems in school, how a daughter communicates with her mother will impact her overall well-being. We wanted to learn how aspects of interpersonal communication such as perspective-taking, coherence and taking turns impact how we make sense of adversity.”

“The takeaway of this study is that our narratives matter,” said Horstman, noting that interpersonal communication has the power to change the way we make sense of our lives. If mothers can foster warmth and affection in their conversations, and if daughters listen to their mother’s perspective, the conversations can help daughters work through negative emotions associated with stress.

The study appears in Communication Monographs . (ANI)

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Short sleep not just modern-day curse

News4u-Features Desk- Busting the 8-hour sleep myth, a new study has revealed that our ancestors probably didn’t get 8 hours a night, either.

UCLA-led team of researchers studied sleeping patterns among traditional peoples whose lifestyles closely resemble those of our evolutionary ancestors.

What the team found among the Hadza of Tanzania, the San of Namibia and the Tsimane of Bolivia challenges conventional wisdom about the sleeping habits of pre-industrial humans. The findings suggest that the industrialized world’s sleep habits do not differ much from those that humans evolved to have.

The argument has always been that modern life has reduced our sleep time below the amount our ancestors got, but our data indicates that this is a myth, said Jerome Siegel, leader of the research team.

“I feel a lot less insecure about my own sleep habits after having found the trends we see here,” added lead author Gandhi Yetish.

The findings do validate some common ideas about sleep and health, including the benefits of morning light, a cool bedroom and a consistent wake-up time.

One myth dispelled by the results is that in earlier eras people went to bed at sundown. The subjects of the study stayed awake an average of 3 hours and 20 minutes after sunset.

The fact that we all stay up hours after sunset is absolutely normal and does not appear to be a new development, although electric lights may have further extended this natural waking period, said Siegel.

There is no evidence that these sleep patterns took a toll on people’s health. In fact, extensive studies have found that these groups have lower levels of obesity, blood pressure and atherosclerosis than people in industrialized societies, and higher levels of physical fitness.

The study is published in Current Biology. (ANI)

Short sleep not just modern-day curse

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Drinking 2-3 cups of coffee daily could reduce erectile dysfunction

News4u-Features Desk- Guys! Drinking 2-3 cups of coffee a day could reduce your chances of facing erectile dysfunction (ED), claims a new study.
According to study by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), men who consumed between 85 and 170 milligrams of caffeine a day were 42 percent less likely to report ED, while those who drank between 171 and 303 milligrams of caffeine a day were 39 percent less likely to report ED compared to those who drank zero to seven milligrams a day. This trend was also true among overweight, obese and hypertensive men.

Assistant Professor David S. Lopez, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., lead author of the study, said even though they saw a reduction in the prevalence of ED with men who were obese, overweight and hypertensive, that was not true of men with diabetes. Since diabetes is one of the strongest risk factors for ED, it wasn’t surprising.

The suggested biological mechanism is that caffeine triggers a series of pharmacological effects that lead to the relaxation of the penile helicine arteries and the cavernous smooth muscle that lines cavernosal spaces, thus increasing penile blood flow.

Data for the study came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and ED was assessed by a single question during a computer-assisted interview.

Caffeine sources in the study included coffee, tea, soda and sports drinks.

The study is published in PLOS ONE. (ANI)

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Why ‘once a cheater is always a cheater’

News4u-Featuress Desk- A team of researchers has come up with an explanation as to why do people cheat, suggesting dopamine and vasopressin may be responsible.

Around 57 and 54 per cent of men and women admitted to cheating at least once, according to data collected by the US Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, the Independent reported.

Therapists and psychologists have attempted to decipher the myriad reasons for unfaithfulness, but there is some evidence the chemicals in our brains are responsible, AsapScience have claimed.

A 2002 study examined the length of almost 200 volunteers’ dopamine D4 receptor gene, the neurotransmitter that controls pleasure in the brain.

It claimed 50 per cent of individuals with the long allele variant of the gene had cheated on their partner, compared to just 22 per cent who possessed the shortened variety. In addition, those with the longer variety were more likely to be risk takers and displayed addictive traits.

There is another chemical at play when people cheat: vasopressin.

This hormone, similar to oxytocin (released during sex and sometimes referred to as the ‘cuddle hormone’), was examined in a 2014 Finnish study which found individuals who admitted to cheating that a gene variation that repressed the hormone below normal levels. (ANI)

Couple

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Is Karva Chauth an over-hyped Indian Valentine’s Day?

News4u-Features Desk- Karva Chauth, a primarily North Indian festival, wherein women fast for their spouses’ longevity, is considered a glamorous affair and the ultimate selfless, romantic gesture.

Ironically, it is believed that a combination of a fast, prayers and the blessings of the lunar deity helps women to gain power to confront and prevent unfortunate events for their husbands.

A few decades ago, Karva Chauth was believed to be just a North Indian festival, but now, clever packaging by commercial forces has turned it into a desi version of ‘Valentine’s Day’ that is celebrated enthusiastically across India!

In the southern parts of the country, this festival is observed as ‘Karadaiyan Nonbu,’ but after five months.

The festival, with its neo-traditional sheen, is popular among rural women too. Thanks to the popularity of Bollywood and TV serials in smaller towns.

Hail Karan Johar and Ekta Kapoor for making the festival “uber romantic” and “uber moralistic” respectively and for helping it to adorn modernise look in the society.

Bollywood has immortalised this traditional ritual, wherein the so-called estrogen brigade stays hungry and thirsty for an entire day only to pacify an angry God, who will bless their husbands and lovers with longer and healthier lives.

Twenty years ago ‘Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge’ (DDLJ) hit the screens, manifesting the festivities of Karva Chauth via its song, where Simran (Kajol) fakes a faint so that Raj (Shah Rukh Khan), whom she loves, would give her the first sip of water instead of her fiance. In this movie, unknown to Simran, Raj also keeps a fast for her.

Movies like ‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam,’ ‘Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Ghum,’ ‘Ishq Vishk,’ ‘Baabul’ and many more have mesmerised the world with their portrayals of this festival.

Also, our TV channels feature pseudo-contemporary ads that play an oxymoronic rub-a-dub with progressive ad campaigns espousing gender equality and this contra-positioning ultimately ensures that the materialism and consumption industry thrives.

Although, Bollywood and Indian sitcoms have glamorised this practice to an extent, there remains a difference between reel and real celebrations. The silver screen has shown us that a wife can look super pretty despite not eating or drinking anything and can do an entire dance routine and sing in an empty stomach, but in reality, a hungry wife can really get cranky.

“Bollywood has actually showcased this tradition in a very positive manner. It has inspired women so much that they are ready to ignore their health problems just to mark the ritual. Like, my mother is a diabetic and is supposed to eat after every two hours, but still she fasts every year,” says a worried daughter and journalist Chandni Mathur.

“For some, it has also become a matter of pride and prestige as they fear they will be judged as “uncaring” wives by the society,” she further told ANI.

The cosmetic and jewelry industries have also played major roles in publicising Karva Chauth. These industries reportedly do brisk business during this over-hyped occasion.

It’s a known fact that through superstition, discrimination and coercion, the Indian society starts to instill a feeling of inferiority in its women at a very young age. They are conditioned to believe that their abstinence will ensure longevity for their spouses and this conditioning has been fanned by Karva Chauth for centuries. However, the trend is changing.

“I don’t see a point in starving yourself for an entire day just to express love and affection to your spouse. There are several other ways to do that. In my opinion, even loved ones won’t want you to suffer. Moreover, I have seen couples being all mushy-mushy only on selective days; what about the rest of the year?” asked a non-believer Meghna Kapoor.

Today, with all the new wave of feminism and demand for equality for women, many consider this Hindu Valentine’s Day as a grim reflection of a dystopian mindset that smacks of chauvinism and as a symbol of cultural repression of women. For many, this backward, regressive custom, which is steeped in superstition and showmanship, is meaningless.

“The tradition goes against the concept of gender equality. Why only women are expected to go through such things, like, sacrificing food to make your husband live longer? I know, these days, guys too are taking part, but how many? Very few. Moreover, they don’t get judged if they don’t fast,” says feminist Srishti Soni.

It may be unrealistic to starve, but at the end of the day, all that jazz with the pujas, the thalis, the sisterhood and the stories of devout wives is romantic for most. (ANI)

Karva Chauth

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Here’s why you should top your salads with eggs

News4u-Features Desk- Next time you visit a salad bar, consider adding cooked eggs to your raw veggies as a new study shows that this combination is an effective method to improve the absorption of carotenoids.

Purdue University’s Wayne Campbell said that Americans under consume vegetables and here they have a way to increase the nutritive value of veggies while also receiving the nutritional benefits of egg yolks.

The study found that those who ate the highest egg amount with the salad of tomatoes, shredded carrots, baby spinach, romaine lettuce, and Chinese wolfberry increased absorption of carotenoids 3-9 fold, which are fat-soluble nutrients that help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress.

The carotenoids found in the salad include beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, the latter two being found in egg yolk as well.

Campbell noted that because of this combination, not only are lutein and zeaxanthin available through whole eggs, but now the value of the vegetables is enhanced.

Campbell believes the beneficial effects seen in this college-age population will extend to all populations and ages. His group would like to expand their research to explore the effects on other fat-soluble nutrients including vitamin E and vitamin D.

The research is published online in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. (ANI)

salads with eggs

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‘Stripping’ helps men feed their self-esteem

News4u-Features Desk-The reason that male exotic dancers continue to strip is because it gives their self-esteem a boost, claims a new study.

The study by Maren Scull, an instructor of Sociology in the CU Denver College of Liberal Arts and Sciences focused on how exotic dancing influences the way male strippers view themselves.

Scull said that because stripping was a stigmatising occupation, it had the capacity to negatively affect exotic dancers’ self-definitions. She found that stripping led to feelings of mattering, mastery and enhanced self-esteem.

Scull spent almost two years interviewing and observing male strippers, and found that unlike many female strippers who reported that it was the money that motivated them to remain involved in exotic dance, male strippers continued dancing because they experienced higher self-esteem and self-confidence.

Scull suggested these gendered differences were due to the fact that men and women ascribed different meanings to the objectification they experience while stripping.

Males enjoyed being objectified by audience members, Scull found. They did not define objectification with disempowerment and instead noted that they felt positive about being desirable.

The study is published online in Deviant Behavior. (ANI)

‘Stripping’ helps men feed their self-esteem

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Waiting for a clarion call

News4u-Features Desk- For the first time recently writers of all genres are in the news. The TV channels, who thrived on the stories of Asaram & Radhey Ma are now discussing unabated the right and wrong of returning the awards to the government or the Academy related to them. The air is thick with ideas. The internet is agog with excitement. All the user of the FB have for the present turned their focus on the writers of this country.

The debate is on with the life going on as usual. No fundamentalist has yet put down his weapon, wielded to wound the opponent at the slightest hint of provocation. The leaders of neither community show a change of heart because Vajpayeeji or Munnawar Ranaji have returned their awards.

The truth is that not a shingle has moved on this earth in response to supreme sacrifice of these literatuers. Revolutions do not come about in this way. Lets look at the history of French Revolution or nearer, our fight for freedom. In France there is a long list of writers, poets, philosophers and journalists who raised their voice to rouse the common people against the dictatorial regime apart from Rousseau, the torch bearer, included poets like Andre Cheniel who was guillotined for writing rebellious poems. Anaohrsis Cloots, went the same way for expressing his ideas against the tyrannical king of France. Gandhiji, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Tilak and many more used News papers to spread thier ideas amongst the common man. These people gave away thier lives so that their fellow beings could live in a better world. Not even the fear of prison or guillotine could deter them. In France the revolution shook the very foundation of the French Royalty.

However instead of writing and speaking to people about the evils of casteism, communalism and goodaism, our writers are sitting pretty in their homes after surrendering the medals and awards which have long outlived their value for them. ( Some atleast returned the prize money, but others never thought about it).

There was Balkrishna Sharma Naveen, who once wrote -
“Kavi kuch aisee tan sunao, jisse uthal puthal mach jaye”. Where are those writers & poets who could arouse the people to change the system. There is no sane voice guiding the people, thatswhy, an Aqlakh is killed for no reason and the Maharashtra government comes to a stand still.

If we want to change this depressive scenerio, the saner voices should come out loud & clear with or without awards in their possessions.

By- Veera Chaturvedi

Revoltution

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Being a ‘perfectionist’ may sabotage success at workplace

News4u-Features Desk- Craving for perfectionism? A new study suggests that trying to be a perfectionist could have strong negative impact leading to burnout in the workplace, education and sports.

‘Perfectionistic strivings’ involves the setting of high personal standards and working toward those goals in a pro-active manner. These efforts may help maintain a sense of accomplishment and delay the debilitating effects of burnout, the study found.

Lead researcher Andrew Hill of the York St. John University said that ‘perfectionistic concerns’ could be more detrimental when people constantly worry about making mistakes, letting others down, or not measuring up to their own impossibly high standards.

Hill added that it captures fears and doubts about personal performance, which creates stress that can lead to burnout when people become cynical and stop caring, adding that it could also interfere with relationships and make it difficult to cope with setbacks because every mistake is viewed as a disaster.

According to a study, a student can be rewarded for hard work with a high grade, or a tennis player can win the big match, but a stellar performance in the workplace may not be recognised or rewarded, which may contribute to cynicism and burnout.

Hill said that people need to learn to challenge the irrational beliefs that underlie perfectionistic concerns by setting realistic goals, accepting failure as a learning opportunity, and forgiving themselves when they fail.

The study is published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Review. (ANI)

Being a ‘perfectionist’ may sabotage success at workplace

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Turns out vitamin D, calcium don`t cut colon cancer risk after all

News4u-Features Desk- A recent study has negated the supposed colon cancer-preventing benefits of calcium and vitamin D supplements.

The results of a 2,259-person study conducted at 11 academic medical centers showed that dietary supplementation with vitamin D and/or calcium after removal of pre-cancerous colorectal adenomas (aka polyps) does not reduce risk of developing future adenomas.

Despite promising findings in models of the disease and in previous, smaller trials, the study offers strong evidence against the usefulness of these supplements in the prevention of future polyps.

Co-author Dennis J. Ahnen from the University of Colorado Cancer Center said that after a patient has colonic polyps removed it would be great to be able to offer a way for that patient to reduce his or her risk of developing future polyps or colorectal cancer. Unfortunately, this trial shows that taking vitamin D or calcium is probably not very useful in this setting.

“In addition to knowing what works, it’s important to discover what doesn’t work,” Ahnen says. “This way we can both move on to researching additional, promising strategies and also avoid prescribing treatments that have no effect.”

Ahnen points out that this study specifically examined the possible effects of these supplements against the formation of new precancerous polyps and that it could be that vitamin D and/or calcium work later in the process of carcinogenesis to prevent dangerous cancers, but not their precancerous predecessors.

Overall, though, the authors write that they have “no ready explanation” for these negative findings that seem to controvert the promise of many previously published studies.

The study is published in New England Journal of Medicine. (ANI)

Oranges

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